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We hear about intestinal bacterial flora very often and we understand that it is important that it is rich and varied. There are several health problems that can cause their alteration. Today we focus on one of them and find out how to treat dysbiosis. Certainly not before describing its characteristics.
What is dysbiosis
It is an alteration of the bacterial flora which can be the intestinal flora, the most frequent and the most treated, as well as that of another area of the body, in fact there are also the vaginal, cutaneous, oral dysbiosis etc.
In thelarge intestine there are many microorganisms and maintaining the balance is not trivial. In situations of well-being, symbionts are the ones that prevail, good bacteria that act inside our body and fight the proliferation of pathogens so that the intestinal mucosa works better. This leads to a general situation of greater well-being.
To date, dysbiosis is not considered a real disease in official medicine but this does not mean that it is not treated. For the bacterial flora there is growing attention, also thanks to the various alternative or complementary approaches, and it is known that his situation is linked to disorders such as food intolerances and allergies, but not only. Also some imbalances of the immune system they are sometimes linked to a reduced or poorly placed bacterial flora and the same is true for fungal diseases such as candida, disorders such as diarrhea, constipation, bloating, flatulence, abdominal cramps, genital and urinary infections.
Causes of dysbiosis
The composition of ours intestinal bacterial flora it largely depends on us, especially on our diet.
It is influenced by the quality of the foods that have not been absorbed which determine the bacterial strain that will "live" in us. The "food errors" that cause dysbiosis are single-issue diets, excesses of sugar, alcohol or meat, the absence or deficiency of vegetables and the exaggerated consumption of food additives. In some rarer cases even drugs can cause dysbiosis but cases of are growing neurogenic origin, linked to the presence of states of stress, depression or anxiety.
Symptoms of dysbiosis
The main symptoms of this intestinal flora problem are digestive disorders, bloating and bloating, nausea and vomiting, alternation between diarrhea and constipation. Sometimes infections of the genitals can also be associated, especially in women, with candida. Only in some subjects, even different and very specific symptoms emerge, not always easy to be traced back to an alteration of the bacterial flora such as some sleep and mood disorders, a high susceptibility to infections and poor physical fitness.
How dysbiosis is treated
Let's finally find out how dysbiosis is treated. To do this, a clear diagnosis is also required through breath tests. To exclude pathological causes, specific tests must be carried out that the doctor prescribes from time to time depending on the clinical situation of the patient including for example coproculture, the pH of the stool and the indole test in the urine.
The first step to take is that of nutrition, trying to understand if there are particular foods in our diet that disturb us. The diet is excluded fromsuspicious food for a week and the situation is monitored to see if there are improvements.
In putrefactive dysbiosis, the disorder is the consequence of a diet rich in meat and animal fats but low in fiber. This imbalance causes constipation and the expulsion of particularly bad-smelling intestinal gas and can be taken to cure themselves lactic ferments and probiotics.
In fermentation dysbiosis it is a diet rich in sugars and complex carbohydrates, in this case the lactic ferments are not needed and it is necessary to investigate the presence of intolerances or diseases of the digestive organs. A great help can also be given by supplements, to be taken only after a medical consultation. They usually contain butyric acid, caprylic acid, short and medium chain fatty acids, glutamine, probiotics, prebiotics, FOS, inulin, lactic ferments, symbiotics, lactitol, polydextrose, garlic, echinacea, hydraste and grapefruit seed extract.
The cure that in most cases turns out to be correct is the correction of our eating habits. We try to adopt a varied and regular diet, providing more light meals and not a few heavy ones, avoiding mixing too many foods in the same meal. In this way the small mucosa manages to absorb nutrients and colon bacteria are left with only the fibers that nourish the beneficial strains, keeping dysbiosis away.
An interesting approach is the one told in this book on natural fermented foods, which illustrates how lactofermentation enhances the properties of vegetables and makes them sources of probiotics and beneficial enzymes for the body. In this guide, we find all the information on how to produce tasty, crunchy and healthy vegetables with simple ingredients that can become a tasty habit for anti-dysbiosis snacks, appetizers and aperitifs.