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How to grow corn on the cob: from the corn sowing period to the care to be devoted to the plant. How to grow corn in pots or in the garden, when to harvest and how many cobs a plant produces.
In the article dedicated to the cultivation of popcorn corn, I explained to you that there is little difference between thecornintended for the production of beans frompop cornismaizefor the production ofcorn cobsorcorn cobs, so to speak, those shown in the photo above that you can cook both boiled and roasted. The difference is the variety, if you want to eat tasty corn on the cob, you should choose sweeter variety seeds.
How many cobs does a corn plant make?
It is really difficult to give a rational and precise answer to this question. It all depends on the care, the growing conditions, the space available to the plant and, last but not least, the variety chosen. Let's say that the production for each plant can start from a minimum of three to four cobs.
To significantly increase the production of cobs (useful practice especially if you meangrow corn in pots) you can resort to manual pollination. You must pollinate by hand and a week after the flowers appear, choose a dry day, away from any summer rains.
How to grow pot corn on the cob
Thecornit can be grown in small spaces but not in small pots. If you wishgrow corn in potsyou will need to get large planters at least 60cm long and 30cm wide In this way you can put a single plant in a planter. You can venture to grow two corn plants in a 120 cm planter, leaving 60 cm of space between a tall plant.
If you choose a compact growing variety of sweet corn, you can further reduce the space: in this case you can leave 40 cm of space between one plant and another and choose a smaller planter. With a 90 x 20 cm planter you can easily grow two plants.
For the care to be dedicated tocorn plantsyou can follow the instructions in the next paragraph.
How to grow corn on the cob in the vegetable garden
Thesweet cornit is perfect for cooking corn on the cob, both roasted and boiled.
For the cultivation of corn it is necessary to act with mild temperatures, that's for theperiodof sowing depends on the seasonal trend.
When to sow corn? Approximately in late spring, when temperatures never drop below 12 - 15 ° C. This is the temperature needed for corn seeds to germinate.
Then calculate that the plant begins flowering only if temperatures are constantly around 18 ° C while the formation ofcorn on the cobyou will have it only in summer heat, that is only with temperatures of at least 22 - 25 ° C.
Having clarified how to identify the best period for sowing corn based on your geographical location, let's move on tocare to be given to the plant.
Thecornbelongs to the grass family and, as such, it can adapt to any type of soil, just like many weeds! It does not require particular care, just a well-drained soil, preferably soft: before sowing, take care of a deep dig and copious irrigation.
How to sow corn
You can sow in seedbeds, to speed up germination, or in the open field. The seeds must be buried at a depth of 2 cm.
The distance between the plants? It depends on the variety! Ideally, classic corn needs a distance of 30/40 cm between one plant and another and 80/100 cm of distance between the rows.
Corn on the cob cultivation, tips
To increase the production of panicles, if the plant produces secondary shoots (those that start at the base of the stem), you will need to prune leaving only the main stem.
When to collect corn on the cob
How to know when the cobs are ready to eat? In this regard, you may be interested in the guide "how to clean the cobs" where I also explain how to understand whencollect the cobs (in practice when the tuft becomes dark blond, not dry or red, but intense blond).
Variety of corn
As stated, there are more productive varieties that require a lot of space (as a rule, a corn plant can exceed 180 cm in height and, in the vegetable garden, needs a space of about 70 × 25 cm). There are also varieties that differ in size of growth and more, also in the flavor, sweetness, tenderness and color of the wheat grains.
TOthis Amazon pageyou can choose from the seeds of a large number of corn varieties, just like you see in the photo above. From the classicsyellow corn earsatred or white cobs, with a particularly sweet flavor. Then there is no shortageblack corn cobsor different colors such as the rainbow variety which has white, purple and yellow grains.