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Migratory birds in Italy: which are the birds that migrate in Italy, season by season. The list and advice on where to observe them.
In Italy there are millions of birds that cross the coasts and passes to reach the European breeding and nesting areas. On the other hand, there are other species that nest in Italy and hundreds of migratory species that cross Italy twice a year. Furthermore, many species of birds are present in Italy both as migratory and as sedentary. In this article we will try to point out which are themigratory birds in Italyhighlighting the most common; further dividing them according to the seasons.
Some birds are present all year round in Italy, other birds are found both as sedentary and as migratory, an example isEgretta garzetta. In this paragraph we will give you an overview of which ones aremigratory birds in Italy, season by season.
Birds that migrate in the spring
In spring, in Italy, several birds arrive. The first to touch the ground in our country are the garganeys and the biancone. Overall, the most popular migratory species arriving in Italy in spring are:
- the white eagle
- the garganey ducks
- the hoopoes from Africa
- the swallows
- the swifts
- the white storks
- the minor harrier
These species are very common. There white stork, for example, it comes to nest in urban centers and for some time it has also reappeared in Lombardy, in the city of Milan.
Peaks can be seen in wooded areas. While those who live in Sicily, from the Strait of Messina you can admire manymigratory birdsonly ofpassage from Italy, among many the honey buzzard and the lesser harrier.
Birds that migrate in the summer
With the arrival of the first heat of late spring and with the onset of summer, others arrive in our countrymigratory birds.
In summer we can admire migratory and sedentary birds such as the blackbird, the blackcap, the goldfinch, the tits and the greenfinch which begin to reproduce as early as February and which populate the skies on the hottest days.
In summer, among the most common birds in the high altitudes there is the blackbird or chough, the golden eagle and, in coastal areas, waders and swamp birds. Many swamp birds and water birds, in this period, begin to move to Africa.
In summer, terns and gulls such as the herring gull can be appreciated.
Amongmigratory birds in Italythere is no shortage of severalherons. For further information, we refer you to the specific sheets:
- Cattle Egret
- Purple heron
- Gray heron
- Great white heron
Birds that migrate in the fall
In autumn we can observe the breakdown of many migratory birds in Italy (swallows, house martins, storks and several birds of prey heading towards Africa) while, still in the process of nesting, the queen's falcon squares. This small hawk nests in our areas (especially the islands) by exploiting, to hunt, the passage of migratory passerines that cross the Mediterranean. These birds, after breeding, migrate to South Africa and Madagascar where they spend the winter.
Birds that migrate in winter
Italy, in winter, welcomes many arctic species: these are migratory birds that spend the summer in cold places to winter with us when the temperatures become even more rigid, that is, between November and February.
These birds come from Northern Europe and descend into the Mediterranean. Among these is the much loved onepuffinwhich reaches the western Mediterranean.
There is no shortage of other water birds such as the duck, the coot, the cormorant ... skuas, boobies and loons also arrive. The populations of moorhens who live in the northern areas where the water tends to freeze, migrate further south in search of a milder climate.
There Oystercatcher he spends the winter in Southern Europe, including some places in Italy.
In the countryside, flocks of lapwings and golden plovers can be found. Towards January, in the Alps you can admire the eagle owl (which arrives to reproduce) and theUral owl. The owl and the common tawny owl are its resident species in Italy.
The luckiest ones, in winter, will be able to observe the greater spotted eagle and the black waxwing that spend the coldest period in Italy.
And what about the swans?
In Italy, when it comes to swans, there are stable populations and other migratory ones and it is really difficult to distinguish them. We told you about it in the article dedicated tomute swan.
In the photo above, the migration of a colony of Canadian cranes. These birds do not migrate to Italy and do not even come close: hundreds of thousands of Canadian cranes every year gather in Nebraska to rest and then resume the long journey to the Arctic Circle.